Pauline Neville-Jones, Security Minister in the British coalition government, gave a speech on 28 February 2011, in which she discussed the future of the Government’s counter-terrorist strategy, known as Contest. She affirmed that the main driver behind Contest remains the assurance of public safety while protecting human rights, and a commitment to “restore public confidence in counter-terrorism powers” by reducing the length of pre-charge detention and the abolition of control orders, among other measures. In defining the threat facing the UK, she referred to the potency of international terrorism and the danger faced from those who are influenced by the Al Qaeda narrative to use violence. This is what the British National Security Council (B-NSC) now calls the Tier I threat.
Brussels, a major international city, tourist hub and home to nearly 1,1 million residents, is often seen as a place of unity. It is the capital of federal Belgium, the heart of the EU and host to NATO, international financial institutions and major corporations. Yet, it is also the central battleground in ethnically and linguistically divided Belgium, the former seat of a particularly brutal colonial empire and a place of significant social divisions, highlighted by its 16 per cent unemployment rate.
Ever since Britain’s Foreign Secretary Lord Grey in 1914 declared that the arms race had made war “inevitable”, the question of whether military rivalry causes war has perplexed policymakers and scholars alike.
Over the past decade Turkey has considerably increased its involvement in Middle Eastern affairs. From the stabilization of Iraq and Afghanistan, to Lebanon’s troubled politics, Iran’s nuclear ambitions, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, world leaders are increasingly coming to terms with Turkey’s growing regional influence. While some view this Turkish “return” to the region with suspicion and unease; one must acknowledge that Turkey’s growing influence is being spearheaded mainly by the country’s soft-power.
According to Alberto Recarte, one of Spain’s leading economists and President of the media group, Libertad Digital, Spain needs at least EUR€150,000 million in order to survive 2011. For 2012, the amount would be slightly higher.